It’s very risky doing excavation without proper locating. You are very possible to hit the buried wire and cause absolute damage. An underground wire locator is highly required in this case.
According to the Common Ground Alliance, there are more than 20 million miles of underground utilities spread over in the United States. This surely increases the chance that the site you are going to excavate may bury this kind of electric transmission.
An underground wire locator will save you time and money by locating the invisible wire’s path and measure the depth easily, accurately, and fast. It is designed exclusively more powerful in comparison with the general wire tracers. The transmitter sends a greater electric signal and the receiver is more advanced.
In some cases, the wire or cable is carried by a utility tunnel or pipe. A sonde, which is a battery-powered transmitter, can be used to tackle this issue. It will be pushed into along the pipe as the signal emitter and carrier agent. The wire locator is set with the same frequency as the sonde to pick up that signal. A dedicated sonde locator is also preferable as it is designed exclusively for sonde.
Not only does it prevent you from digging a wrong area, but this wire locator will also show you the breaks that might happen to your wires. Instead of digging for ages along the line, this helpful stuff will show you exactly where the break is. So, this is really a great investment.
Searching for the best underground wire locator on the web can be confusing. Here you could enjoy what we’ve put together all of our findings, the top 10 best underground wire locators. Keep reading will take you to our buying guide and other useful information for your digging needs.
Top 10 Best Underground Wire Locators
1. Noyafa NF-816-C for Pet Fence Wires, Metal Pipes, Telephone Wire, Coax Cable
In case you want to search for underground pet fence wire breaks, instead of digging it up along the day, you are better off using this Noyafa NF-816-C. It’s able to provide locating with the depth about 2 ft and the length about 1000 ft.
Using it actually is straightforward. Make sure you have de-energized the wire to be located first. Then, you need to ground the black cable (of the transmitter), while the red cable (of the transmitter) is connected to the wire to be located. For better results, you could apply a copper pipe as the connection of the transmitter and soil by driving it in.
Noyafa NF-816-C is truly a budget-friendly underground wire locator which currently costs you under $50. It’s not the best of the best but works adequately. This is a nice entry-level product you would give a go. In addition, it also comes with a headphone for accurate hearing and calm work.
2. Kolsol F02 with Earphone for Pet Fence Wires
Another option for locating buried pet fence wire that we recommend is Kolsol F02. It’s actually similar to Noyafa, but what makes it apart from is its depth measuring capability as they claim it would locate wire with 3 ft max depth.
How to operate is quite similar. It works by deductive/direct-connect method. So you have to connect the ground wire of the transmitter to the soil and the red wire will be connected to the wire to be located. The downside is also the same with Noyafa, it only works for single-core and double-core wire. That said, it tends to be a wire locator instead of a cable locator.
For a homeowner, it is a wise decision to buy this one. You could check the wire break with ease. It comes with an affordable price point for most homeowners but saves you time and money. Kolsol F02 is a popular underground wire locator that would a great investment for you.
3. Armada Pro290 Underground Wire and Cable Locator
Compared to Noyafa and Kolsol above, Armada Pro 290 has wider use. It works for a multi-stranded wire. Most importantly, it’s able to look up the break as you could easily indicate it by the stopping sound.
Armada Pro 290 is a reliable underground cable locator for homeowners in which you need precise and able to measure for various purposes. Locating dog fence wire for dog collar system, sprinkler wire, swimming pool light wire, etc can be accomplished with this tool.
The transmitter is built-in with the case while the receiver is handheld. The frequency that the transmitter emits is 33kHz and the receiver is designed for that frequency. For more convenience, you could select the null or peak mode of the sound to be while the receiver is exactly above the wire. In addition, it comes with a ground stake for better grounding. The red LED on the case will light clearly as the grounding is done properly.
4. Mastech Ms6818 for Underground Cable Pipe Locator
Mastech MS6818 is not just an underground cable locator, but also a pipe locator. If you need a tool to trace down a cable which is inside a pipe, then this one will accurately do that for you. Also, you’ll be fully loaded by the screen with interactive information while working.
As the wire goes deeper, the signal may decrease and the sound does too. With this cable pipe locator, you could adjust its three helpful sensitivity levels. Rise to higher if you need clear sound, vice versa.
It’s able to trace both energized (passive) and un-energized wire (active; in direct connect mode only), from 12 to 400 AC/DC voltage cable. So, it meets to locating from communication cable to electrical lines. For direct mode, use the alligator clamps to do it that comes with. Buying Mastech Ms6818 is worth well your money because it’s actually usable for lots of applications.
5. Tempo 501 Tracker II Cable Locator
Imagine if you have to bend over along the way of locating a wire, that would be a terrible option. A Greenlee 501 with a stick wire locator is your best friend to tackle that issue. Locating becomes effortless now.
Not only that, it provides you to locating with three different methods: direct connect, inducing antenna, and inducing clamp. The inducing clamp will allow you to trace without disconnecting and cutting the wire off as the direct connect does. So, it will be fast and easy, saves you time and money. That said, it could tackle a wide range of problems you might face in the field. Furthermore, it can be used to detect metallic pipelines as well.
It can assist you to locate cable distanced up to 4000 feet from the transmitter and the max depth is 7 feet. In addition, the adjustable sensitivity will be very helpful to amplify a small detection to easily listen to. Tempo 501 is not just for a homeowner, but also for a professional electrician. They will like it so much. It’s simple but possesses all you need. Nicely, Tempo 501 comes to conquer your problem at a reasonable price.
6. Armada Pro871C Underground Cable Locator
The 2 kHz is considered as the low frequency which is good for a good conductor and long-range locating. While the 33 kHz is suitable for short-range and mostly used one. In case the 33 kHz is a bit inaccurate because it induces another conductor, it can be switched to 2 kHz for another result.
It can be used in the mode of deductive (direct connect), induction, clamp, and passive (without the transmitter). The passive mode permits you to pick up a power network and radio line frequency. In short, all the equipment is available to accomplish your everyday changing challenge.
Another stand out feature is the interface. Even though it’s not screen, the buttons, knob and LED indicator present more complete information in comparison with Tempo 501. By means of that interface, you could select whether to use peak or null sound mode, adjust the sound volume, and change locating mode.
7. Amprobe AT-3500 Underground Cable & Pipe Locator
Amprobe AT-3500 underground cable locator will allow you to locate street light wire, airport light wire, etc in which the cable is not accessible by using the induction method. It’s also able to locate power lines and radio carrying cable by activating its “Power Grid” and “Radio” operation mode respectively.
You could select whether to use the direct mode or clamp connection. However, you need to buy the clamp because it’s not included in the purchase. The transmitter emits a single frequency of 33.3 kHz which is widely used for many cases including pipe locating.
Another feature that will make your life easier with this underground wire locator is the screen. Not only the adjustable sound, but the graphic bar will also help you determine the line accurately. The headphone jack is available to work quietly or when the circumstance is too noisy. In addition, this gargantuan would trace the wire even though it’s buried 16 feet in the earth.
8. TEMPO Communications BLL-200 Buried Wires or Cables
Tempo BLL-200 is one of the best underground wire locators that we recommend because it comes with a complete set of tools you need to locate in your preferred way. You could do both passive locating (without the transmitter) and active locating (direct connect, clamp, and induction).
Hence, this tool would be suitable for HVAC, telephone cable, CATV cable, line voltage, security system wiring, and water pipe as long as they are conductors. Whenever access to the cable is impossible, select whether the induction or clamp method you want. For locating a live line, make sure the voltage doesn’t exceed more than 600VAC or 300VDC.
Both the transmitter and the receiver use 4 x 1.5V AA batteries. This transmitter uses a 33.3 kHz frequency that will suit for many cases. The display may not be as sophisticated as we expect but it would help. Some of them are signal strength, depth reading, battery indicator, etc. Tempo BLL-200 was actually Greenlee BLL-200.
9. Leica 6014157 DD130 Underground Locator Ext Frequency Kit
The last queue is Leica 6014157. It’s a high-end model that will support your locating up to 33 feet deep. Moreover, the IP54 rating convinces the user that there is protection against water entrance that would interfere with the system. In addition, the hazard alarm will tell you that you are near the dangerous cable.
There are four frequencies that the transmitter can generate: 8 kHz, 33 kHz, 512 Hz, and 640 Hz. It gives you a full choice in terms of locating either long-range tracing (8 and 33 kHz) or short-range tracing (512 and 640 Hz). Also, the low frequencies (512 Hz, 640 Hz) will do a good job for metal pipes. You could choose the way you trace down: direct, induction, and clamp induction.
Leica DD130 would be your nice purchase. Along with its tremendous features, it’s intentionally designed for a professional contractor that works outdoor and wants everything safe and secure.
10. Ridgid 19238 NaviTrack Scout Underground Pipe Locator
Sonde is a tube-shaped battery-powered signal transmitter that will get into the pipe and crawl along the line; commonly using a drain cable to push the sonde. At a particular position where it stops, we pick its signal using this Ridgid NaviTrack Scout locator.
Equipped with a visual mapping screen, your job is so much easier now. It shows the position of the sonde using the poles and equator. The intersection of the poles and equator is where the sonde is. For a more detailed tutorial, we refer to this Youtube video.
This Ridgid doesn’t only pick the sonde signal, but also the active and passive method of wire locating. So, this is clearly very versatile to use. It’s designed to pick several fixed frequencies on the following:
- Sonde (in Hz): 16, 512, 640, 874, and 33k
- Active method (in Hz): 128, 1k, 8k, and 33k
- Passive method (in Hz): 60 and 50.
Ridgid Navitrack Scout will give you a bang for your bucks. It’s expensive but being confident in a pipe locating is important, especially if this is the professional job you are handling.
What is Underground Wire Locator?
Before we go further, keep in mind that an underground wire locator is an underground cable locator as well. Simply, that cable consists of some wires. Both of them will detect the electromagnetic field on the wire or cable.
This is a great invention. More and more wires are buried on the ground. The demand for this tool increases and the improvement becomes more obvious.
An underground wire locator consists of two main components: transmitter and receiver. The transmitter will transmit an AC current to the wire being located. As the current is circulating, the electromagnetic field occurs. The receiver functions to detect that electromagnetic field and allows it to follow its path. You’ll also know the depth. Further, by means of this wire locator, you could find the breaks without days of hand digging.
There are two methods of detecting: passive and active. The passive detection is to detect the wire in which the electricity flows on there such as power lines. In this method, you don’t need to inject any signal to the wire. The electromagnetic field has existed there. In short, you don’t need the transmitter. On the other hand, the active detection requires you to inject.
Unlike the wire tracer which generally employs a tone generator, the tool for underground utilities faces more challenges. As the wire is buried in the ground, it easily dissipates. Throughout this underground tool, the transmitter acts as a signal generator that injects a particular AC current. You could easily change the frequency you want based on the target condition.
How An Underground Wire Locator Works
As mentioned before, this tool basically makes use of the electromagnetic field generated from the wire. The electromagnetic field is generated from the current that is circulating. If there is no electricity, you need to inject a particular signal in order for the wire to generate an electromagnetic field.
Then, the receiver will be induced by the field and generates a voltage. In such a way, the voltage is changed into sound. Some models that are equipped with a screen makes the further process. The voltage is converted into a complicated digital signal. The built-in microprocessor will process that digital signal so that the screen understands. The screen then processes that digital signal into letters, numbers, and graphics.
People use an underground wire locator for many applications such as locating pet fence wiring, CATV cable, utility pipe, radio communication network line, sprinkler wire, power lines, and even gas pipe. Because of those different problems, an underground cable locator must be reliable and support all locating methods.
There are three methods of locating:
1. Active – You need to inject signal.
- Deductive / Direct Connect.
2. Passive – No need to inject at all.
While the receiver gains sense, it will commonly output an audible tone. Choose from the options which one you are preferred with. It could be a peak or null or differential mode. Mode peak will emit a climax sound at the receiver is right above the wire or cable. The null is vice versa, the sound turns silent exactly at above the wire. Interestingly, the differential mode emits sound based on the relative position to the wire.
Major Specification You Have to Consider
A wire locator which is designed for underground wires commonly costs you hundreds until thousands dollar. You could still get the affordable one but you cannot expect more. Therefore, you need a comprehensive guide before buying it. Here we would like to educate some points you have to figure out before buying the underground cable locator.
1. Detection Mode
It’s been mentioned before that there are the passive and the active locating method, the ways you locate whether energized and un-energized cable. If a single wire locator device is able to support all the locating mode, the chance is you could solve many of the cases with.
If it’s possible to access the wire, use direct connect (deductive). Whenever you have the access to the wire but impossible to access the peeled wire, use the clamp. The induction is used in case you have no access to cable such as airport lighting.
To locate live cables such as power lines and radio network lines, the passive mode is designed for that situation. You are no need to use the transmitter because the line is live with frequency about 50/60Hz. There has been an electromagnetic field. You only need to direct your receiver over there.
The capability of the transmitter to locating the buried wire is determined by the frequency it generates. Generally, any frequency which is lower than 1 kHz is considered as low frequency. The 33kHz is a high frequency definitely.
This low frequency is great to apply for long-distance locating but it’s weak to pass through a bad conductor. In contrast, the high frequency is able to break through the corroded conductor but travels less.
Moreover, the higher the frequency, the higher the chance to bleed off. The next-to conductor may be induced and result in misleading reading because there are two active conductors generating an electromagnetic field.
The capability of the tool to measure the depth of the wire depends on the frequency it utilizes. Some products use sonde frequency to get reliable depth measurements.
Another feature for professional use is the screen. You could easily watch the moving graphic that shows where the cable is. Together with the sound, you could accurately determine where it is. Furthermore, you can run various orders throughout the screen. The screen is actually not an essential feature to make an underground wire locator works, however, to run a serious locating, this feature is critical.
The sticky receiver will be useful for a long locating. It prevents the back pain that might happen because you have to bend over along the path.
There are actually a lot of features you need to figure out, however, the five above are highly important. You could learn more to suit the tool to meet your expectations.
What is the Best Frequency to Use?
A successful locating can be determined by the frequency you use. It depends on the conductor you are trying to locate. The corrosion, broken line, and ground also takes into the play. Make sure that you always begin with the locating from the lowest frequency if possible. Then you could increase it. The following is a nice video that will educate and help you in frequency selection.
Conclusion: Best of The Best Underground Wire Locator
In short, it’s not easy to decide which one is the only top-rated best underground wire locator. Selecting an underground wire locator must figure out the situation we are facing. It’s a wrong pick to use a gigantic locator for pet fence wire tracing. However, for serious job, the full feature is critical.
The list of best underground wire locator above hopefully helps you to decide. They are ordered from the most entry-level to the most sophisticated one. Read carefully and match your needs. Buying such expensive tools needs time and comprehensive understanding. Perhaps our article helps you a lot.